Malcolm 'Max' DeRungs

McCredie Hot Springs Resort

Comprehensive site plan and building concept for transforming a natural geothermal hot springs resource into a $5 million health resort community on 120 acres of U.S. Forest Service land alongside Highway 58 in the Cascade mountains east of Oakridge, Oregon.

Another roadside attraction

For a long time, two natural hot springs straddling the snow-fed waters of Salt Creek were a roadside attraction known to few. But as word spread, the pools were becoming increasingly congested and polluted from uncontrolled use. With an intent to preserve the resource for the well-being of the many, the Gaslight Corporation sought to develop the land in a way that maintained the natural beauty and integrity of the site.

They consulted with Livingry Systems on ideas on how to best generate revenue from a hot springs development without compromising the natural integrity and beauty of the site.

An opportunity to present the project to private investors in Japan and Europe led to the production of an intricate, color-rendered site plan.

Comprehensive site planning and building concept - original site 3'x12'

The resort's thesis was "healing with nature," and more along the idea of natural spa than theme park. A timber frame main lodge defined the heart of the development was surrounded by two roadside hot pools, a restaurant, various small shops, a relocated and restored covered bridge, a small theater, a sports complex and cabins for the physically impaired visitors.

The client sought ideas on how to best generate revenue from a hot springs development without compromising the natural integrity and beauty of the site.

proposed for the 120 acre parcels of U.S. Forest Service which contained the two natural hot springs straddling Salt Creek.

Advisor the other project designer as a consultant on site planning, building form and landscape issues. The role included client meetings and site analysis work, requiring 600 hours to complete a 3ft x 12ft illustrated site plan and a 2' x 3' perspective drawing illustrating activities and building details on the main lodge boardwalk.

The ultimate success of this project was considered to depend on how the drawing was embraced the sacred and personal qualities of the natural springs, rather than on how closely it followed a particular theme. The intimacy of the plan drawing indicated the general level of personal concern for creating a place recognized for its receptive qualities.

Top left to down right, the development distributed separate functions along the linear nature of the creek and highway.


A campground by a natural pool along the river provided a low cost option for visitors. A wooden suspension footbridge connected the camp grounds to the south hot pools and chapel.

Gaslight Inn

The main building was called the Gaslight Inn. It had lofty ceilings lots of windows for daylight and axial views up and down the river. A covered wooden boardwalk welcomed guests and connected all main buildings to the main pools. The log construction, delicate metalwork and stained glass were part of the development's Civilian Conservation Corps constuction theme. Main parking lot, truck stop across the road. A small group of retail and admin buildings. Safe, all-season public access to the riverside. Exercize facilities and two tennis courts. A covered bridge.

Cabins and Lodges

Lodgings across the creek with private and common hot pools were carefully placed among the existing trees near two more hot pools. Sizes ranged from small cabins for a small family to a private lodge for larger groups.


An inter-denominational outdoor chapel and a council ring.

Staff Lodging

Located in the sunny upstream terrace landform to the east.

Food Gardens

Orchard, vegetables for restaurant and staff

RV Park

Council ring in the RV park on the east end collected visitors during longer stays.

Maintenance Building

For all seasons.

Native Plants Nursery

Mostly for local, but retail.

The hand-drawn site plan's devotion to detail, near-realism and native plant symbolism hoped to resonate with private investors in Japan and Europe looking for a 'healing with nature' investment.


Project designer and delineator in field study, site analysis, building layout, landscape and site plan proposal stages.

Role: Designer

Setting: Livingry Systems

Location: Eugene, Oregon

Year: 1983